Glove boxes are essential in the development of new emerging photovoltaic cells, in particular perovskite structure cells.
These superconductive materials, having the same crystal structure as the first discovered perovskite crystal (CaTiO3), have been the major concern since 2012, when researchers were able to manufacture a thin-film PSC. With their ability to absorb light at almost all visible wavelengths (more sunlight can be converted into electricity), a power conversion efficiency that reached 25.2% in laboratory in 2020, PSCs hold promise for high efficiencies at reduced processing costs.
However there are still scientific and technical challenges to address to improve performance, reliability and manufacturability. The risk of toxicity due to lead must be removed as well as their poor stability in humid air. Glove boxes equipped with a variable high-humidity control allow testing in real atmospheric conditions.